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Trenton, Illinois
June 5, 1913     The Sun Newspaper
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June 5, 1913

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t I II I I i I :, THE ST6gY mmsm00 Plt00$mENT-.: Installment 7 The soldierly young planter gave those who knew him best, as well as ' those who met him but to pass, the Impression of a singular restraint arid self-command, which lent a peculia dignity and charm to his speech and carriage. They deemed him deeply passionate, and yet could never re- nember to have seen him in a pas- sion. The impression was often a . wholesome check upon strangers, and even upon friends and neighbors, who Would have sought to impose upon bin. Terrible In His Wrath, No doubt he had given way to bursts of passion often enough in camp and upon the march, when In- efficlency, disobedience, or cowardice ngered him hotly and of a sudden. There were stories to be heard Of znen who had reason to remember how terrible he could be in his wrath. But he had learned, in the very heat nd discipline of such scenes, how he must curb and guard himself against surprise, and It was no doubt trials of command made in his youth that had given him the fine self-poise men noted in him now. He had been bred in a strict school of manners at Belvoir and Greenway court, and here at his own Mount VernOn in the old days, and the place nust have seemed to him full of the traditions of whatsoever was Just and honest and lovely and of good report ns he looked back to the time of his gentle brother. It was still dangerous to cross or thwart him. indeed, Poach- ere might look to be caught and sundly thrashed by the master him- self if he chanced their way. NegH. gent overseers might expect sharp penalties, and unfaithful contractors e strict accounting, if necessary work went wrong by their fault. Always Open to Conviction. Its was exacting almost to the point of harshness in every matter of Just right or authority. But he was open and wholesome as the day, and rea- sonable to the point of pity in every flair of humanity, through it all; Now it was "my rascally overseer, at"dwlck, in his diary, when certain mares were sent home "scarce able to highlone, much less to assist in the business o I the plantations;" but nor a month later It was "my worthy ,: overseer, Hardwick, lying in Win- chester of a broken leg.? It was not Jn his way to add anything to the penalties of nature. y of life and love of real sport rid him of humors. All up and down the " English world, while the eighteenth century lasted, gentlemen were com- monly to be found drunk after dinner ---outside New England. where-the ef- flCLent Puritalr church had fastened so englar a discipline in manners upon n Whole socletyand Virginian fen- tlemen had a reputation for deep drinking which they had been at some pains to deserve. A rural society craves excitement, and can get it very simply by such practices. There is always leisure to sleep afterwards, even though your dinner came in the middle of the day, and there Is good reason yo% should if you have been since day- in the saddle, Not s Hard Drinker. To ride hard and to drink hard seemed to go together in Virginia ns inevitably as the rhymes In a song, and 'twas famous hard riding'after the fox over the rough fields and through the dense thickets. If Wash- 4ngto drank only small beer or cider  and a couple of gltassea of Madeira at dinner, it was no doubt because he had- found his quick blood tonic enough, and had set himself a hard regimen' s a soldier. He did not scruple to supply drink enough for the thirstiest gathering when he presented himself to the vot- ers of the countryside as a candidate for the house of burgesses. "A hogs- a barrel of punch, thirty- Ve gallons of wine, forty-three gal. 3 fof strong cider, and dinner for his iris/Ida;" was what he cheerfully paid tot at his first election, and th poll footed but a few hundred votes all told. Mount Vernon saw as much com- pany and aS r constant merriment and good cheer as any house in Virginia; nd the master was no martinet to his guests, even though they came upon professional errands. "Doctor Laurie came here, I may add, drunk," says his quiet diary without comment. though the doctor had come upon summons tO attend Mrs. Washington, Und Was next morning suffered to use hls lancet for her relief. No doubt a fellow When sober, and not to he when drunk, like many man and gentleman who Joined the meet of the country. Ide at' the:hospitable place to follo# the hounds When the hunting was summer, in Winter and Summer, hunting winter .end and out, when the year young and the gentlemen ,of the  romd gathered at Belvoir or Gunston Hall or Mount Vernon two or three times a week to warm their blood in the hale sport, and dine to- gether afterwardsa cordial company of neighbors, with as many topics of good talk as foxes to run to cover. The hunt went fastest and most in- cessantly when Lord Fairfax came down from his lodge in the valley and Joined them for days together in the field and at the table. Washington loved horses and dogs with the heartiest sportsman of them all. He had a great gusto for stalking er with George Mason on the broad sated tracts round Gunston Hall, and liked often to take gun or rod after lesser game when the days fell dull; but best of all he loved a horse's back. and the hard ride for hours to- gether after the dogs and crafty quarrya horse it put a man to his points to ride, a country where the running was only for those who dared. A Judge of Horseflesh, His own mounts could nowhere be bettered in Virginia. There was ruff blood of Araby in his noble Magnolia, and as good hunting blood as was to be found in the colony in his Blue- skin and Ajax. Valiant and Chinkling. His hounds he bred "so flew'd, so sanded." so matched in speed ann habit, that they kept always tune ann pace together in the field. "A cry more tuneable was never holla'd to, nor cheered with horn," than theirs wh.en they were let "spend their mouths" till echo replied "as if an- other chase was in the skies." 'Twas first to the stables for him always in the morning, and then to the kennels. It had been hard and anxious work for Washington to get his affalrs in- to prosperous shape again when the war was over, and those long, hopeless summers on the stricken frontier. Stock, buildings, fences everything had to be renewed, refit- ted, repaired. For the first two or three years there were even provisions to buy, so slow was the place to support itself once more. Not only all his own ready money, but all he got by his marriage, too, and more besides, was swallowed up, and he found himself in debt before matters were finally set to rights nnd  profitable crops made and marketed. But, the thing once done. affairs cleared and became easy as if of their own accord in the business of the estate. A Master of Men. The men' he had to deal with pres- ently knew their master; the young planter had matured his plans and his discipline. Henceforth his affairs were Mount Vornon in the Old Days. well* in hand, and he could take his wholesome pleasures both handsome- ly and .with a free heart. There was little that was debonair about the disciplined and masterful young soldier. He had taken Pallu's gift: "Self-reverence, self-knowledge, self-control, these three alone lead life to sovereign power. And because right is right, to follow right were wisdom in the scorn of consequence." But he took heed of his life very generally, and was matured by pleas- ure no less than by duty done. He loved a game of cards in almost any' company, and paid his stakes upon the rubber like every other well-con- ducted man of his century. Enjoyed a Good Horse Race. He did not find Annapolis, or even Philadelphia, too far away to be vs- lted for the pleasure of seeing a good horse race or enjoying a round of  balls and evenings at the theater, to shake the rustic dullness off of a too constant stay at home. Mrs. Washing- ton enjoyed such outings, such little flings into the simple world of provin- cial fashion, as much as he did; and they could not sit waiting all the year for the short season at Williamsburg. A young man at once so handsome, so famous, and so punctilious in point of dress as Colonel Washington could not but make a notable figure in any society. "I want neither lace nor em- broidery," was, the order he sent to London. "Plain clothes, with a gel4 or silver button (if worn in genteel dress), are. all I desire. My stature is six feet; otherwise rather slender than corpulent." But he was careful the material, the color and the fit should be of the best and most taste- fnl, and that very, elegant stuffs should be InOvided fom. over the sea for Mrs. WaShington and her children, and very substantial for the servants wh were to be in attendance hpen ttte houSs- hold--a livery of white and scarlet. 'Twas a point of pride with Virgin, tans to know how to dress, both wail and in the fashion; and the master o Mount Vernon would have deemed it an impropriety to be less 'careful than his neighbors, less well dressed than his station and fortune warranted. He watched the tradesmen sharply. "'Tie a custom I have some reason to believe, with many shopkeepers and tradesmen in London," he wrete blunt- ly to the Messrs. Cary, "when the know goods are bespoken for exporta- tion, to palm sometimes old, and sometimes very slight and indifferent goods upon us, taking care at the same time to advance the price," and he wished them informed that their dis- tant customers would not be so duped. Longed to Go Abroad, He longed once and again to be quit o the narrow life of the colony, and stretch himself for a little upon the broader English stage at home. "But I am tied by the leg," he told his friends there, "and must set Inclina- tion aside. My indulging myself in a trip to England depends upon so many conttngencles, which, in all prob- abillt#, may never occur, that I dare not even think of such a gratification." But the disappointment bred no real discontent. There could be no better air or company to come to maturity in than i were to be had there in Virginia, if a young man were poised and master of himself. "We have few things here striking to European travelers (except our abundant woods)," ha professed, when he wrote' to his kinsman, Rich- ard Washington, in England; "but lit- tle variety, a welcome reception among a few friends/and the open and prevalent hospitality of the country;" but it was a lanl that bred men, and men of affairs, in no common fashion. Unrest In tho Colonies. Especially now, after the quickening of pulses that, had come with the French war, and its sweep of conti- nental, even of international, forces across the colonial stage, hitherto set only for petty and sectional affairs. The colonies had grown self-conscious and restless as the plot thickened and thrust them forward to a role of con- sequence in the empire such as they had never thought to play, and the events which succeeded hurried them to a quick maturity. It was a season a young man was sure to ripen in, and there was good company. The house of burgesses was very quiet the year Washington first took his place in it and stood abashe{ to hear himself praised; but before Mr. Robinson, its already veteran speaker, was dead, a notable change had set in. At Odds With Parliament. %Vithln five }-ears, before the coun- try on the St. Lawrence and the lakes was well out of the hands of the French, the parliament in England had entered upon measures of governmem which seemed meant of deliberate pur- pose to set the colonies agog, and every body of counselors in America stood between anger and amazement to see their people in danger to be so put upon. The threat and pressure of the French power upon the frontiers had made the colonies thoughtful always, so long as it lasted, of their depend- ence upon England for succor and de- fense should there come a time of need. Once and againoften enough to keep them sensible how they must stand or fall. succeed or fail, with the power at home--their own raw lavles had taken part with the king's troops out of England in some clumsy stroke or other against a French stronghold in the north or a Spanish fortress in the south; and now at last they had gone with English troops Into the field in a national cause. Provincials and redcoats had Joined for a final grapple with the French, to Settle once and for all who should be owners and masters on the coveted continent. No Longer Dependent, The issue had been decisive. By the summer of 1760 Wahington could write his kinsman in England that the French were so thoroughly drubbed and humbled that there remained lit. tle to do to reduce Canada from end to end to the British power But the very thoroughness of the success wrought a revolution in the relations of the colonies to the mother country. It rid them of their sense of dependence. English regiments had mustered their thousands, no doubt, upon the battlefields of the war in order that the colonies might be free to possess the continent, and it was hard to see how the thing could hve been accomplished without them. But it had been accomplished, and would not need to be done again. Not Overawed by Foreigners, Moreover, it had shown the colonial militia how strong they were even in the presence of regulars. They had almost everywhere borne an equal part In the fighting, and, rank and file, they had teft with a keen resentment the open contempt for their rude equipment and rUstic discipline which too many  arrogant officers and lnso- lert men among the regulars shown. They knew that they had proved themselves the squats of man in the king s py in the ghting. and they had come out of the buslne confident that henceforth, at any rate, they could dispense with English troops and take care of them- selves. They had lost both their fear of the French and their awe of the English. 'Twas hardly an opportune time for statesmen in "London to make a new and larger place for England's author- ity in America, and yet that was what they immediately attempted. Save Chatham and Burke and a few discerning men who had neither pines nor power, there was no longer any one in England who knew, though it were never so vaguely, the real tem- per nd character of the colonists. 'Twas matter of common knowledge and comment, it is true, that men of Massachusetts were beyond all reason impatient of command or restraint, affecting an independence which was hardly to be distinguished from con- tumacy and insubordination; but what ground was there to suppose that a like haughty and ungovernable spirit lurked In the loyal and quiet south, or among the prudent traders and phleg- matic farmers who were making the middle colonies so rich, and so regard- ful of themselves in every point of gain or interest? "Hands Off," the British Policy. Statesmen of an elder generation had had a sure instinct what must be the feeling of Englishmen in America, and had, with "a wise and salutary neglect," suffered them to take their own way in every matter of self-gov- ernment. Though ministry after ministry had serried a rigorous and exacting su- premacy for the mother country in every affair of commerce, and had de- termined as they pleased what the col- onies should be suffered to manufac- ture, and how they should be allowed to trade--with what merchants, in what commodities, in what bottoms, w'Ahin what limttsthey had never- theless withheld their hands hitherto from all direct exercise of authority in the handling of the internal affairs of the several settlemen*s, had given them lea e always to origlnate their own legislation and their own meas- ures of finance until self-government had become with them a thing as if of immemorial prlvllegc. A Shrewd Statesman. Sir William Ketth, sometime gov- ernor of Pennsylvania, had suggested to Sir l,otert Walpole that he should raise revenue from *-he colonies. "What:' exclaimed" that shrewd mas- ter of men. "I have Old England set against me, and do you think I will have New England lit-ewise? '' But men had come into authority in England now who lacked this stout sagacity, and every clement of sound discretion. English arms and English moey, they could say, had swept the French power from America in order that the colonies might no longer suf- fer menace or rivalry. A great debt had been piled up in the process. Should not the colonies, who had reaped the chief benefit, bear part of the cost? They find themselves incurred bur- densome debts, no doubt, in the strug- gle, and their assemblies --enid very likely profess themselves willing to vote what they could should his majes- ty call upon them and press them. But an adequate and orderly system of taxation could not be wrought out by the separate measures of a dozen petty legislatures; 'twere best the taxation should be direct and by par- liament whose authority, surely, no n s' ma outside turbulent Boston would be mad enough seriously to question or resist. (TO BE CONTINUED.) Rose Culture In Bulgaria. White and red roses are grown, the former being easier to cultivate, but giving only about half as much oil of an inferior quality. The individual growers distil their own oil Twelve to fifteen kilos of roses are distilled with 60 kilos of water until 12 kilos of distillate are obtained; eight to ten such lots are then united, and redistilled into long necked flasks, lu which the oil separates on standing. To produce one kilo of oil required 3,000 kilos of roses of 1,200,000 flow- ers. The roses are gathered in the early morning and distilled the same daY. The pure oil from the various districts shows variations tn odor and physical properties, and is therefore skillfully blended by the distributing houses before sale. Adulteration is very largely carried on by the peas- ants, who use ginger grass oil. palma rosa oil, geranium oil. etc. The pro- ductlou for 1910 was 3.148 kllos.Tha Pharmaceutical Era. 8ome Old Beliefs. The old beliefs persist in the southern lands, and a tral-comlc In- stance reaches me from Veniee. A cockatoo, kept by a British resident as a pet, had been accustomed to promenade about the roof garden, when the family went up there, But one day recently it extended its con- stitutional to a neighbor's roof, and was Promptly shot by him. He subse- quently offered as a complete explana- tion the plea that he thought it was an owl and that there was a very young baby in his household. Now. students of ancient Greek and Roman augury know that the perching of an owl on the roof foreboded death to one of the inmates while Ovid is among those who charge screech owls with sucking the blood of infants, _ _ , , , No Case for Alarm. "If I refuse you, will you do any- thing rash?" "Nothing rashe than propose tO that Wallaby glrl. It was a toesup between YOU in the first 'place, in fact." And then the thermomete droppe twent degro4m. I Practical. Fashions[ MISSES' DRESS. In this model we have a dainty dress for the Young girl and one espe- cially attractive if carried out in any of the new and beautiful silks now in vogue. The dress is to be worn with guimpe The two-piece skirt can be finished with Empire or regulation waist line, and with or without pep- lum. The pattern (6080) is cut in sizes 14, 16 and 18 years. Age 1 requires 8 yards of 44-inch material and 54 yards of braid. To procure this pattern send 10 cents to "Pattern Department," of thin paper. NVrite name and address nlatnly, anbe ure tofglve size and numoer of Pattern. NO. 608  ............... TOWN ................ oo-......, o..o.o STREET AND NO ................. eTAT .................................... LADY'S SKIRT. Here is a Charming skirt for an eve- ning dress. It is cut In three gores and many be made with Empire or regulation waist line, and in round or medium sweep length, with long, square or pointed train. Satin, silk, voile and similar fabrics are appro- priate. The pattern (6064) is cut in sizes $ to B0 inches waist measure. Medium size will require 5. yards Ot 36-inch material. Width of lower edge In square train is three yards. o procure this pattern send 10 cents , "Pattern Department," of thin paper.  rrit na.n and address plainly, and be sure to gwe raze ann number of pattern, i i i NAM] ............................ STRKRT AND NO ..................... $TA'rB .............. i , i , Mother's Way. A friend of mine, a teacher, had Just received a very handsome fan. and took It to the classroom for the edi. flcatton of the children. Selecting one of the pupils, she asked wha the love- ly thing was. The child did not know. "What does your mother use to keep her cool in summer?" asked the teach- er, "Beer," wa the reply, Editor Willing to Retract. "Look here. Mr. Editor," exclaimed r  irate caller, "you referred to me yesterday as a reformed drunkard. You must apologize, or'I'll sue your paper for libel." "Very well, sir/' re- plied the editor. "rll retract the state- ment cheerfully. I'll say you haven't reformed." Worn Threadbare. "I feel all run down and frazzled OUt:" "That is because you were not pres- ent a the sewitg circle yesterday." "I don't see how that can be?" "Those who were present picked you' tO piecas." Hadn't Psed. "No, darling, I have never proposed to any other woman than you." "O, but you once told me you had been engaged to a widoW." "True. but that was in a lead yeag." THE LURE OF THE WEST : WESTERN CANADA A'rTRACTING THOUSANDS OF 8ETTLER. Writing on the Canadian West, an eastern exchange truthfully says: "The West still calls with impera- tive voice. To prairie and mountain, and for the Pacific Coast, Ontario's young men and women are attracted by tens of thousands yearly. The great migration has put an end to the fear, freely expressed not many years ago by those who knew the West from the lakes to the farther coast of Van- couver Island, that Canada would some day break in two because of the predominance of Continental European and American settlers in the West." Thla is true. While the immigra- tlon from the United States is large, running close to 150,000 a year, that of the British Isles and Continental Europe nearly twlee that number, mak- ing a total of 400,000 per year, there is a strong influx from Eastern Can- ada. It is not only into the prairie provinces that these people go, bu many of them continue westward, the glory of British Columbia's great trees and great mountains, the excellent agricultural valleys, where ean be grown almost all kinds of agriculture and where fruit has already chieved prominence. Then the vast expanse of the plains attract hundreds of thou- sands, who at once set to work to cul- tivate their vast holdings. There Is still room, and great opportunity in the West. The work of man's hands, even in the cities with their record* breaking building rush, is the sall- eat part of the groat panorama that Is spread before the eye on Journey through the country, Nature le still supreme, and man is still the divine pigmy audaciously seeking to impose his will nnd stamp h/s mark upon an unconquered half continent. The feature that most commends itself in Western development today" Is the "home-making spirit." The West will find happiness in planting trees and making gardens and build- ing schools and colleges and universlo ties, and producing a home environ- ment so that there will be no disposi- tion to regard the country as a tem- porary place of abode in which every- one is trying to make his pile prepar- story to going back East or becoming a lotus-eter beside the Pacific.  The lure of the West is strong. It will be still stronger when the crude new towns and pillgee of the plains are embowered in trees and vocal with the song of birds.--Adverte- ment. Infant Hygiene at School. Out in Cleveland 17 trained nurses are now giving lessons in infant hy- giene to the girl pupils attending 15 public schools. It is reported that the girls have shown an intense and de- lighted interest in the lessons, absorb- ing eagerly all that relates to the proper care of babies. This kind of instruction in the public schools repre- sents something more and better than the activity of faddists. America, like other countries, has very large in- fant death rate. Thousands of infants die annually because they have not re- ceived proper care. It is easily con- ceivable that the proper training of girls might save the lives of many babies. Changes of Climate. A scientist who recently investigated the causes of secular variations in tem- perature at the earth's surface thinks that they are more probably due to changes in the amount of carbonic acid in the atmosphere than to varia- tions in the heat of the sun. If the amount of carbonic acid that the air now contains was diminished a little more than half, the mean temperature all over the earth would, it is stated, drop about eight degrees, which would be sufficient to bring on another gla- cial period. On the other hand, an in- crease of carbonic acid to between two and three times tie present amount would raise the mean temperature 15 degrees and renew the hot times of the Eocene epoch. MEMORY IMPROVED. $1no Leavin9 Off Coffse. Many persons suffer from poor memory who never suspect coffee has  anything to do with it. The drug--caffeine--in Coffee, acts injuriously on the nerves and heart, causing imperfect circulation, too much blood in the brain at ene time, too littl in another part. This often causes a dullness which makes a good memory early impossible. "I am nearly seventy years old and did not know that coffee was the cause of the stomach and heart trou- ,, ble I suffered from for many years, Until about four years ago," writes a Kansas woman. "A kind neighbor Induced me to quit coffee and try Posture. I had been suffering severely and was greatly reduced in flesh. After using Posture little while I found mysel improving. My heart beats became' regular and now I seldom ever no- tice any symptoms of my od stom- ach trouble at all. My nerves are steady and my memory better than while I was using "I like the taste of Posture fully as well as coffee." Name given by" Posture Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Write go1* booklet, "The Road to Wellvllle/' Postum comes in two forms, - Regular (must be boiled). Insta'nt Posture doesn't requtrs boiling 'bu is prepared instantly by stlrrin a level tcuspoon or. dinary cup of hot water, which makes It right for most persons, A Mg cup requires more and some  people who like  things put in a heaping spoonful and temper it with a large supply of cream. Experiment until you know amount that pleases Your palate have it served that way in the futur de * ,| There s a n for Posture,