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June 22, 1894     The Sun Newspaper
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June 22, 1894

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T. DEWITT TALMAGE. WRITKg US HIS USUAL SUNDAY SERMON. There is a hovering hope in' .as minds of a vast multitude that there will be an opnortunity in the next world to correct the mistakes of this; that, if we do make complete ship- v, reck of our earthly life, it will be on shore up which we may walk to a palace; that, a a defendant may lose his case in the Circuit court, and carry it up to the Supreme court or Court of Chaneery and get a reversal of judg- ment in his hehalf, all the costs being thrown over on the other party, so, ff we fail in the earthly trial, we may in the higher jurisdiction of eternity have the judgment of the lower court set aAide, all the costs remitted, and we may be victorious defendants forever. My object in this sermon is to show that common sense, as well as my text, declares that such an expectation is chimerical. You say that the impeni- tent man, having got into the next world and seeing the disaster, will, as a result of thatdisaster, turn. the pain he cause of his reformation. But you can find ten thousand instances in tills world of 'men who have done wrong and distress overtook them uddeniy. Did the distress heal them? No: they went right on. That man was flung of dissipations "You must stop drinking," said the doctor, "and quit the fast life you are leading, or it will destroy you." Ths patient suffers paroxysm after parox- ysm; but, under skillful medical treat- ment, he begins to sit up, begins to walk about the room, begins to go to busines. And, lo! he goes back to the same grog shops for his morning dram, and bis evening dram, and the drams betwee Flat down again! Same doctor! Same lhysical anguish. Same medical warning. Now, the illness is more protracted; the liver m more stubborn, the stom- ach more irritable, and the digestive organs are more rebellious But after awhile he is out again, goes back tc the same dram shops and goes the same round of sacrilege against his physical health. He sees that his downward course is uining his household, that his life is perpetual perjury against his mar- riage vow, that that broken-hearted woman is so unlik the roseate young wife whom he married that her old so,tool mates do not recognize her; that his sons are to be taunted for a lfe time by the father's drunkenness, tbt the daughters are to pass into life under the scarification of a dis. reputable ancestor. He is drinking p their happiness, their prospects for this life, and, perhaps, for the life to come. Sometimes an appreciation of what he is doing comes upon him His nervous system is all a tangle. From crown of head to sole of foot he is one aching, rasping, crucifying, damning torture- Where is he? In hell on eartl Does it reform him? After awhile he has delirum tremens, with a whole jungle of hissing reptiles let out on his pillow, and his screams horrify the ueighors as he dashes out of his bed, crying: "Take these things off mew As he sits pale and eonvales- ,cent, the doctor says: "Now I want to have a plain talk with you, my 4ear fellow. The next attack of this kind you have you will be beyond all medical skill, and you will die." He gets better and goes forth into the same round again. This time medicine takes no effect. Consultation of phy- sicians agree in saying there is no pe. Death ends the scene. That process of inebriation, yearn- ing and dissolution is going on within stone's throw of you, going on in all the neighborhoods of christendon Pain does not correct. Suffering does not reform. What is true in one sense is true in all senses, and will forever be so, and yet meu are expecting in the next world purgatorial rejuvena- tiozu Take up the printed reports of the prisons of the United States, and you will find that the vast ma- jority of the incarcerated have been there before, some of them four, five, six times With a million illustrations all working the other way in this world, people are expecting that dis- tress in the next state will be sales- tory.  You can not imagine auy worse torture in any other world than that which some "men have suffered here, and without any salutary conse- quence. Futhermore, the prospect of a refor- mation in the next world is more im- probable than a reformation here. In this world the life started with in- nocence of infancy. In the case sup- posed, the other life will open with all the accumulated bad habits of many years upon him- Sure?y, it is casler to build a strong ship out of new timber than out of an old hulk that has been ground up in the bre/tkera _ If with innocence to start with in this life a man does not be- come godly, what prospect is there that in the next world, starting with sin, there would be a seraph evolutd? Surely the sculptor has re@re prosptt of making a fine statue out of a blook of pure white Parian marble than out of an old black reek seamed and cracked with the storms f half a cen- tury. Surely upon a clean, white sheet of paper it is easier to write a deed or a will. than upon a sheet of paper scribbled and blotted and torn from top to bottom. Yetmen seem to think that, though the life that be- Poneroposwas a where King opened a primary school at Poneropolis. I do not think the parents from other cities would have sent their children there. Instead of amendment in the other world, all the associations, now that the good are evolved, will be de- generating and down. You would not want to send a man to a cholera or yellow fever hospital for his health: and the great lazaretto of the next world, containing the diseased and plague-struck, will be a poor place for moral recovery. If the surroundings in this world were crowded of tempta. tion. the surroundings of the next world, after the righteous have passed up and on, will be t,000 per cent more crowded of temptation. Multitudes of men who are kept within bounds would say, "Go to. now! Let me get all out of this life there is in it. Come. gluttony, and inebriation, and uncleanness, and re- venge, and all sensualities, and wait upon me! My life may be somewhat shortened in this world by dissolute. ness, but that will only make heavenly indulgence on a larger scaie the sooner posslble. I will overtake the saints at last, and will enter the Heavenly Temple only a little later than those who behaved themselves here. I will on my way to heaven take a little wider excursion than those who were on earth pious, and I shall go to heaven via Gehenna and via Sheol." Another chance in the next world means free license and wild abandon- ment in this Suppose you were a party in an im- portant case at law. and you knew from consultation with judges and at- torneys that it would be tried, twice. and the first trial would be of little importance, but that the second would decide everything; for which trial would you make the most preparation, for which retain the ablest attorneys, for which be most anxious about the attendance of witnesses? You would put all the stress anon the second trial. all the anxiety, all the expenditure, saying, "The first is nothing, the last is everything. ' Give the race assurance of a second and more important trial in the subsequent life, and all the prepara- tion for eternity would be "'post mor- tern," post funeral, post sepulchral ad the world with one jerk be pitched off into impiety and godlessness Furthermore, let me ask why a chance should be given in the next world if we have refused innumerable chances in this? Suupose you give a banquet, and you invite a vast number ef friends, but one man declines to come, or treats your invitation with indifference. You in the course of twenty years give twenty banquets, and the same man is invited to them all, and treats them all in the same obnoxious way. After awhile you remove to another house, larger and better, and you again invite your friends, but send no invitation to the man wuo declined or neglected the other invltationa Are you to blame? Has he a right to expect to be invited after all the indignities he has done you? Godin this world has invited us all to the banquet of his grace. He invited us by his Providence and his Spirit 365 days of every year since we knew our right hand from our left. If we declined it every tim, or treated the invitation with indifference, and gave twenty or forty or fifty years of indignity on our part toward the banqueter, and at last he spreads the banquet in a more luxurious and kingly place, amid the heavenly gardens, have we a right to expect him to invite us again, and have we a right to blame him if he does not in. v, ite us? If twelve gates of salvation stood open twenty years or fifty years for our admission, and at the end of that time they are closed, can we complain of it and say: "These gates ought to be open agaim Give us another chance?" If the steamer is to sail for Hamburg, and we want to get to Germany by that line, and we read in every evening and every morning newspaper that it will sail on a cer- tain day, for two weeks we have that d#ertisement before our eyes, and then we go down to the docks fifteen minutes after it has shoved off into the stream and say: 'ome bael Give me another chance. It is not fair to treat me in this way. Swing up to the dock again, and throw ott planks and let me come on board." Such behavior would invite arrest as a madman. You see that this idea lifts this world up from an important way sta- tion tu a platform of stupendous issues. and makes all eternity whirl around this hour. But one trial for which all the preparation must be made in this world, or never made at all. That niles up all the emphases all the cli- maxes and all the destinies into life here, No other chancC O, how that augments the value and the im.opar. lance of this chance! Alexander with his army used to surround a city, and then would lift a great light in token to the people that, is they surrendered before that light went out, all would be well: but if ones the Mght went out, then the bat- tering-rams would swing against the wall and demolition and disaster would follow. Wall, all we need do for our present and everlasting safety if to make surrender to Christ, the king and eonquerorsurrender of our hearts, surrender of our lives. surrender of everything. And he keeps a great light burning, light of ospel invitatiou, light kindled with the wood of the cross and flaming up against the dark night of our sin and sorrow. Surrender while that great light continues to burn, for after it goes out there will be no other oppor- tunity of making peace with God through our Lord Jesus Chris Talk of another chance! Why, this is a su, pernal chance! In the time of Edward the Sixth. at he battle of Musselburgh, a private soldier, seeing that the Earl of Hurt- ley had lost his hehnet took off his upon the head Soldier uncovered, he was soon slain. while his commander rode safely out of the battle- But in ourcase, instead of a private soldier offering helmet to an earl, it is a king putting his crown upon an unworthy subject, the king dying that we might live. Tell it to all points of the cornpas Tell it to night and day. Tell it to all earth and heaven. Tell it to all centuries all age. all millenniums, that we have such a magnificent chance in this world that we need no other chance in the next. I am in the burnished judgment hail of the last day. A great white throne is lifted, but the judge has not yet taken it. While we are waiting for his arrival I hear mmortal spirits in conversation. "What are you waiting here for?" says a soul that went up from Madagascar to a soul that as- cended from America The latter says: "I came from America where forty years I heard the gospel preached, and Bible read. and from the prayer that I learned in infaucy at my moth. er's knee until my last hour I had gospel advantage, but. for some reason, I did not move the Christian choice, and I am here waiting for the judge to give me a new trial and an- other chance." "Strange'." says the other; "I had but one gospel call in Madagascar. and I accepted it. and l do not need another chance. "" "Why are you here?" says one who on earth had feeblest intellect to one who had great brain and silvery tongue, and scepters of influence. The latter responds: "Oh, I knew more than my fellows I mastered libraries, and had learned titles from colleges, and my name was a synonym for elo- quence and power. And yet I neg- lected my soul, and I am here waiting for a new triaL" "Strange," says the one of the feeble earthly capacity; "I knew but little of worldly knowledge, but I knew Christ, and made him my partner, and I have no need of another chance." Now the ground trembles with the approacbing chariot. The g'eat fold- ingoors of the hall swing opeD. "knd back!" cry the celestial ushers. 'Stand back, and let he judge of quick and dead pass through!" Be takes the throne, and looking over thethrong of nations he says: "Come to judgment the last udgment, the only judgment!" By one flash from the throne all the history of each one flames forti to the vision of himself and all others. "Divide!" says the judge to the assembly. "DvideY' echo the wall "Divide?' cry the guards angelic. And now the immortals separate, rushing this way and that, and after awhile there is a great aisle between them, and a great vacuum Widening and widening, and the judge, turning to the throng on one side, says: "He that is righteou let him be righteous still, and he that is holy, let him be holy still;" and then, turniug toward the throng on the opposite side, he says: "He that is unjust, let him ba unjust still, and he that is filthy, let him be filthy still;'" and then, lifting one hand toward each group, he de- clares: "If the tree fall toward the south or toward tbe noth, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be." And then I hear something jar with a great sound. It is the clos- ing of the Book of Judgment. The Jldge ascends the stairs behind the throne. The hall of the last assize is cleared and adjourned forever. SAID IN JEST. Carrie--I don't care; Emily look worse than I do. Maude--Come,dear. I wouldn't be unmerciful. "I hear BiLkerlost his Job. Wonder if he's struck anything since?" "mr-- yes: all of his friends au4 two-thirds of his acquaintances." "Do you pay for poetry?" asked the pretty girl. "Y-yes," replied the edi- tor. with some hesitation. "What do you pay?" "Compliments," BoarderWhew! This milk has an awfully queer taste. Landlady, tast- ing  Well, no wonder. There's neither chalk nor water in it yet. Bacon--I understand that Crimson- beak treats the cook like one of the family. Egbert--I guess he does. I notice she's got a black eye most of the time. Bacon My wife thinks there's no one like me on the face of the earth." Egbert  Well, she hasn't traveled much. There are some very homely men back East. Grump--I wish a fellow could bor- row money as easily as he can borrow trouble. Hump---If you could make money as easily as you can make trouble, you wouldn't need to borrow any "How is the doctor getting on with your wife's case?" "Best in the world; seems almost too good to be true." "What was the trouble? .... She had completely lost her voice, and he is certain he can never restore it." Lover, quoting ShakespearePerdi- tion catch my soul, but I do love thee. And when I love thee not Modern Sweetheart, firmly  And when you love me not, Timothy, it will cost you somewhere about 500 damages. "The gentlemen that came to see papa said I was one of the most in- telligent children they ever saw," said little Jack. "Indeed," said the proud mother. "Did you recite 'Lit- e Drops of Water' for them?" "No're, I refused." When Snidewell got religion and got up in meeting to say that he had made up his mind to cast his burden on the Lord, Mrs. S. was heard to re- mark: 'I don't know as I care, so long as I am eased of at least a per- tiouOf it m the future, 'Tisn't to be expected that Daniel would ever bear his burdens himself." The daughter of Andrew Padlack of Marshville township, N. C., has five different graudmothers and great, SCIENTIFIC TOFICS. l ']PH PILOGRES$ OW HI SFUL ARTS. The Transmission of Nlagara'e Pow- er--A Near Wind MotorImproed Freezing Method of Shaft Staking --moke Absorption. One of the most important questions of the day is, "How far is it commer- cially possible to transmit water power electrically?" Prof. E. J. Houston and A. E. Kcnnelly have just made a com- pilation of facts and iigures that serve to define very clearly the present status of this momentous issue, and their "Es- tim::te of the Distance to Which Niag- rl'a Water Power Can Be Ecouomically Translnittcd by Electricity" will be t'ead with kccu interest, not only by electricians, but by the general public. The question of the long-distance trans- Inisakm of electricity depends upon two factors--cost, which includes the pro'- chase and maintenance of the neces- sary machinery and wires, together with-the annual interest clmrgeable thereon, and the electric pressure--the pressure or voltage at which tlle line transmitting the power cau be operated safely and pernmnently and with per- fect protection of the conductors 1Tdm lightning, weather and all disturbances. Although water power has not yet been marls available at a greater distance than twenty-five miles, it has been gen. erally considered that it could be dis- tributed commercially at a radius of fifty miles. Messrs. Houston and Ken- nelly show that ff reliable machinery can be bought cheaply enough, and the conductors can be safely op',rated at sufficiently high pressure, there is noth- Ing to hinder the falls of Niagara from stolYping steam engines in New Orleans. La., by undelselling their power. point of the greatest Importance is the natture and disposition of the conduc- tors, Three methods have been advo- cated at different times--the conduit method, in which insulated cables are buried in underground pipes containing ah" aj" filmed with ll; the subway meth- od, in which wires are carried on bratkets in an underground passage, as between the many uildings at the world's fair, and the ordinary aerial line method. This would be indispen- able in order m secure safety from accidental contacts with high pressure conductors; but in the open air the overhead line Is the cheapest and can be made, moreover, proof against light- vJ or sleet. The construction was employed between Lauffen and Frank- fort, and has been adopted in all the long distance electric transmissions yet constructed. After a careful analysis of cost and the possibilities of electrical machinery it is demonstrated that the power of Niagara Fails can be trans. mitred to a lntdius of 200 miles cheaper than it can be produced at any point within that range by steam engines of the most economical type with coal at $3 per ton: furthermore, that given-a cert.n output, say 50,000 kilowatts, it might be commercially advantageous to udersell large steam powers at twice this distance with no profit In order to reduce the general expense of delivery nearer home. The difference in the tcansmisslon radius between small and large water powers hinges on the fact that electrical and hydraulic machines can be built and purchased much more ,onomlcally In large sizes than in mall, so that. the cost of producing md of maintaining one kilowatt is ery much less for large than for small water powers. A New Wind Moto. 'Je utilization of the wind for ten- sraflng electricity has engaged the at- ten2on of many electrical experts. Mr. Charles F. Brush has in this country erected a windmill which was capable o2 keeping charged cells sufficient to afford a constant supply to about 400 lamps, and Prof. Blyth, in Scotland, has constructed a huriz,mtal form o win4mill, which gave excellent results, md formed the subject of a paper to the British assoclation held at Edin- [urgh in 1892. According to Prof. Blyth, the desiderata in a windmill for electrlo lighting purposes are: 1. It must be always ready m go. 2. It must go without attendance for length. ened periods. 3. It must go through the wildest gale, and be able to take advantage of it. The new Rollason motor seems to fulfill all these require- meats The motor is a horizontal ar- rangement contained in a skeleton tur- ret about thirty feet high. Such a struc- ure can he readily set up and taken ow A vertical s'.efl shaft running from the top to the bottom of the struc- ture carries five concave sails, which re- volve on rollers immersed in off. A number of inclined ridges or planes are fixed on the sails, so as to deflect the force of the wind. Outside the sails is framework or shield, suitably support- ed, which is free to rotate independent- ly of the sails. On the top of the shield ts a vertical shaft which carries a heavy vane, so that a change of wind has the effect of moving the shield into position for protecting the convex side of the salts This screen completely shelters two sails at one time and the wind is allowed to exert its force on ths remaining three. The power de- ycleped by the motor is transmitted by the vertical shaft running down the center of the supporting frame into a wooden shed on the ground. Suitable aring is provided on the lower end of the shaft for working pulleys acts. r a dynamo, which is used to ge accumulators. The claim made for the Rolinson motor is that it is simple, efficient in working, and that It can be left for a long period without any attention. It appears to be well thought of in England, but no definite figures as to Its operation have yet been received in this country. rpove Freezing Method of Shs.ft Slnkinat. M. Gobert has devised an improved method of sinking shafts through wa- ter-bearing strata. In the original in- vention of M. Poetsch, by which much of te difficulty of working ia wet "mmsm" was overcome, the soft material to be excavated was frozen by driving into It pipes trough which a frleg qdd was circulated. Wh temper;'ure of he liquid was redueM by palng it through cooling coils on tho s,W.ace. The drawback to this metho however, was that the free ing llqld in the tubes was at a pres- sm'e that of the atmosphere. and thers was thus a tendency for It t leak ost at every weak spot in the tube syem. Eueh leakage prevented the coW,gosling of the adjoining ma- terial. M. Gobert's efforts have beet directed to securing a system In which the pressure within the freezing tuL, es would be lower than that outside, and he ha* succeeled in doing this by the employment of anhydrous ammoni,% which is used directly in the tubes in- stead of the secondary freezing liquid used by Poetsch. The ammonia gas is compre,sed until it assumes a liquid state, as in the regular ammonia com- pression refrigerating machines, and is then injected into" the fl'eezing tube system, where it evaporates and ab- stracts heat from the surrounding ma- terial. The pressure of the ammonia gas is always lower than that of the outside. The tendency of the liquid, when injected into the freezing tubes, would naturally be to drop at once to the bottom aud to collect there. In such cases the evaporation would be comparatively slow and th freezing process correspondingly inefficient. To prevent this the Inner tube is made in the form of a worm. This worm is closed at its lower end and punctured along its whole length with a number of minute holes, through which the liquid ammonia escapes in small quau- titles and is rapidly vaporized. By suitably arranging these escaping orl- rices the freezlng action may be con- centrated at any depth along the line of tl tubes. By this system, when. ever *:he strata at the bottom of the mf-  are so soft. or so flooded by water that the workmen cannot make headway with their sinking, the pipes are run down, the freezing mixture Is forced in and the part to be excavated becomes so solid that the pick and ths shovel become once more effective, an operations can be continued English Baker. American bakers haw abundant rek son to commiserate their fellow labo-. ers in Egland, and especially in Lor don, according to the report of Dr. P, ;I. Waldo, a London medical officer of the he.lth department. The English baker is thin and pale, his shoulders are rounded, and his whol |ook suggestiv of ill health. Tables of comparative mortality of males between 25 and 5 years cf age, founded on three ysars' death registers, show that in 100 d- ferent ccupations bakers occupy th following relative position: Iu suicide they come third, lu alcoholism seventh, In liver disease, eleventh, and twelft in diseases of the nervous ystem. Many of these diseases may be traced to the abuse of alcohol, an evil habit which l doubtless fostered by the fatigue cordseqnent upon the overwork, the long ]urs, the want of sleep, and the poisonous atmosphere to which the Journeyman baker is expend. Among the disea to which bakers are sp cially lial.d#, am mentioned rheumatism, eold, erysipelas, and a form of ecz ma, due to the irritation of the flour, known a "bakers' ltcht" Seventy-tw hotly' wffrk weekly is considered a fa stint. De. Wldo's description of n visit to an average bakery is suggesttv He says that on entering, the visitor finds himself in a hot and stifling at. mosphere The air is vitiated from m a source; for instance, there ts the actlv combination of the flaring gas Jets, while the furnace fills the plae with smlphurous fumes, more e p/ally when the Journeyman econw mls fuel by closing the damper. The atr is further charged with moistm'e and with other products derived di- rectly from the baking of the bread. and sewer gas may enter thr)ugh the draln-opcng in the floor, the more so as the grating traps are often worth- less. Dr. Waldo holds that if baking be carried on in well ventilated places, with a perfect sn|tary environment, there is no reason why it should be a particularly dangerous or unhealthy trade, but he evidently has good cause for his comment on the English in- dustry that "there is much in the pres- ent condition of ths retail bakehousea which calls for s' ringent leislativs 1. terference." Aather Amperfnm ]Rule. Many rules have been lately pub- fished for fixing in the mind the rela. tive diretlons of the electric current and the lines of forces or whirls sure rounding it, aul the author of the most recent method. Carl Herlng, thinks it la more slmple and easily re- membered than the others. He says that to remember the direction of the magnetic hirla around a current it is only necessary to bear in mind that if the current flows lik the ink from a pen (that is, out at the point), then the direction of the hirla will be similar to that of a close spiral encircling the pen, and begun as if one started to write the small letter "m" (magneto lines). If, however, the whirls be drawn counter clockwise, as though wrlting the letter "c," the current rep- resented by the flow of ink down the pen will be tho one induced by the gen- eration of these lines, as in transform- Grs. Alumiaum Hemdllight. A headlight is now manufactured which will be. highly appreciated by edical practitioners. Since the prao. e of trausluminatiou, or the lighting up of animal tissue in order to detect morbid growths has been introduced into surgery great improvements have been made in moans whereby the sur- geon can instantly project a flood of light on any desired surface, while the .hands are perfectly fr This is el- fected by a powerf lamp, attached to a band encircling the head of the operator. The lmproved lamp is of aluminum, and is so light that its weight is scarcely perceptible on the ,head. A universal Joint enables the light to be changed to any required pc- sition. The front of the lamp has a disk of glass, in the center of hich is a lens which throws a stron and concentrated light on the point of op- eration. The edges of the dlsk are ground glass, so that a diffused light I shed upon the surface immediatey surrouuding the point most brilliantly Illuminated, latead o? !ts being ha ta darkness, Those Little Sieves The kidneys, separate from the passes through them. impurities for the final medium of liberation system is the hladder. VChen them is suspended direful results ensue. these are dropsy, Brlght's disease and maladles which terminate in of these. Hostetter's Stomach Bitters ulates the kidneys, not as an alcoholic stimulant would by exelting t but by gently Impelling them to action and perpetuatihg their :tot vigor. Thus the Mood Is once more purification aud the organs saved from destruction. Malaria tlon, liver complaint, nervousness sis and rheumatism ar, died by the Bitters, which is, most thorough appetizer, sleep promoter. Use it regularly, not occasionally. So many people imagine their daty by their frlnd promising to help them when rich. is the oldest and bes. er than anythin else. Powell--The cost of the whisky consumed in this count ear would bmld a navy. ut It never will. "i feel it a Duty To tell the world that Hood's saved my life. pains In my stde, caused by liver andMdneys. 8oon after I commenced to take Hood's Sarsaparilla I began to feel better. I took four bottles and I now consider weil woman.  M. PAULt RUBY, iowa. Be sure to get only Hoon's. HoOdte Pllle are purely yegetable. E OANNOT gEE S drawer waln$ Unlike the Dutch INVESTIGATE the irrigated Idaho and find them est, the best most markets. EMIGRATE to Idaho and' be happy. country, its poor man smaller fruit grower. [RRIOATE the lands of and you surety of fruit in COGITATE? Of course Idaho matten Lomax, O. P, & T. A., Omaha. To Populist Press,00 Reform Press and Chairman quantity desired, will Im The Weatern News Writ to tho Union for othor house matter. W. S. MORGAN tional Re Addrasa Westorn Newspaper Patents, Kamlato eud Inyeato Send fo s l-km